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International Journal of Clinical & Medical Images

ISSN: 2376-0249 Open Access

Rheumatoid Arthritis under Corticosteroid Therapy

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A 66 year-old female patient, with a history of rheumatoid arthritis under corticosteroid therapy, was admitted to the Pulmonology ward with cavitated pulmonary tuberculosis and a pneumothorax, with high flow bronchopleural air leak. Chest CT revealed pneumomediastinum, loculated right pneumothorax, and a communication, 48X32 cm, between the superior lobar bronchus and a parenchymal cavitation, communicating with the pleural space (Panel A). Fiberoptic bronchoscopy showed a huge hole at the entrance of the posterior segment of the right upper lobar bronchus (Panel B and Panel C), through which it was possible to pass the fiber-bronchoscope and visualize the chest tube inside the pleural cavity (Panel D). She had no had medical conditions to thoracic surgical intervention, and after 90 days of anti-tuberculosis treatment and thoracic drainage, there was a spontaneous cicatrisation of the fistula.

Corresponding author
Reem Hamdy A Mohammed

Clinical Immunology and Rehabilitation
Cairo University