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International Journal of Clinical & Medical Images

ISSN: 2376-0249

Clinical Image - International Journal of Clinical & Medical Images (2016) Volume 3, Issue 9

Effectiveness of Ozone in Osteoarthritis of the Knee

Effectiveness of Ozone in Osteoarthritis of the Knee

Author(s): Marcos Edgar Fern�ndez-Cuadros and Olga Susana P�rez-Moro

10.4172/2376-0249.1000509

Osteoarthritis (OA) is a degenerative disease that is very prevalent, and it usually increases exponentially with age [1]. OA affects weight bearing articulations as the knee, and is very common in women [1]. Knee OA affects negatively the function and autonomy of older people [2], decreasing patient’s quality of life [3]. OA produces a great use of limited health resources [3]. The normal knee is composed by cartilage, subchondral bone, synovial tissue and articular capsule. Knee OA produces destruction of articular cartilage and sclerosis of subchondral bone [2]. Knee OA diminishes the articular space, and it favours the formation of osteophyte and subchondral cysts [2]. To date, there is neither effective treatment nor cure for OA.

The objectives on treating Knee OA are to ameliorate pain, rigidity, inflammation and to avoid articular damage and joint destruction [2]. Recently, OA is related to chronic inflammation, besides mechanical and biological factors. In that scenario, future OA treatments must regulate inflammation to avoid OA progression. Fernández-Cuadros et al state that Ozone acts on the modulation of inflammation [2], based on several studies and years of clinical experience. It is believed that Ozone acts on the articulation as a stimulator, repairing the fibroblastic tissue. Moreover, Ozone could reduce inflammation and promote growth of new cartilage [2]. We present the case of an 83 years-old female, with Kellgren-Lawrence 3rd degree, and with joint narrowing space and subchondral cyst, and moderate-severe pain on the knee. After a two series of ozone therapy (20 cc of a mixture of OxygenOzone 95-5%, at 20 ug concentration, 4 weekly sessions) separated by six months, the recovering of the joint space and of the subchondral cyst and a decrease in pain is been observed (Figures 1-3). This case report and many years of experience demonstrate that Ozone is capable of diminishing pain and inflammation. Ozone acts on the repair of articular cartilage and subchondral bone, because it increases vascularisation of the articular cartilage [2].

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