PHONE
+44-7482-878921

International Journal of Clinical & Medical Images

2376-0249

Clinical-Medical Image - International Journal of Clinical & Medical Images (2022) Volume 9, Issue 3

Pulmonary Alveolar Proteinosis in an 11 Year Old Child

Pulmonary Alveolar Proteinosis in an 11 Year Old Child

Author(s): El Houss Salma*, Allali Nazik, Chat Latifa and El Haddad Siham

DOI: 10.4172/2376-0249.1000818

Received: 04 March 2022, Manuscript No. ijcmi-22-61263; Editor assigned: 07 March 2022, 2022, PreQC No. P-61263; Reviewed: 19 March 2022, QC No. Q-61263; Revised: 25 March 2022, Manuscript No. R-61263; Published: 02 April 2022, DOI: 10.4172/2376-0249.1000818

Clinical-Medical Image

Pulmonary alveolar proteinosis (PAP) (Figures 1 and 2) is a rare disease characterized by an accumulation of lipids and surfactant proteins in the alveoli, which impairs gas exchange, secondary to a failure of the alveolar macrophages to clear the surfactant [1]. Pulmonary alveolar proteinosis was first described by Rosen SCB and Castleman B [2] in 1958. Several other names have been given to it, namely: alveolar lipoproteinosis, alveolar phospholipoproteinosis and pulmonary lipidosis. This pathology appears generally at the middle adult age (20 and 60 years) with a male predominance. Three groups can be distinguished: Secondary PAP (hematological diseases, inhalation of toxic substances, infections) (hematological diseases, toxic inhalations, infections), autoimmune and congenital (present in the neonatal period with mutations of the genes of the surfactant proteins and the GM-CSF receptor) [3] Clinically it is manifested by a respiratory gene and the positive diagnosis is based on the scannographic data by individualizing a crazy paving aspect as the case in our patient and on the analysis of the bronchioloalveolar lavage (BAL) fluid which is classically described as “milky” and which contains positive eosinophilic PAS (periodic acid Schiff) material and foamy macrophages with PAS- positive intracellular inclusions as well as phospholipid structures. Positive inclusions and concentric lamellar phospholipid structures called “lamellar bodies” [1]. In severe forms, bronchiolo-alveolar lavage may be proposed [3] with the introduction of immunosuppressants for the autoimmune form. Moreover, with regard to mild forms, simple monitoring can be considered due to the possibility of spontaneous improvement.

Keywords: Respiratory distress; Chest CT scan; Crazy paving; Bronchioloalveolar lavage.

References

[1] Jouneau S, Kerjouan M, Briens E, Lenormand JP, Meunier C, et al. (2014). La protéinose alvéolaire pulmonaire. Revue des maladies respiratoires, 31: 975-991.

Google Scholar Croosref 

[2] Rosen SCB, & Castleman B. (1958) LIEBOW AA: Pulmonary alveolar proteinosis. New Eng J Med 258: 1123-1125.

Google Scholar Crossref Indexed at

 

[3] Godwin JD, Müller NL, & Takasugi JE (1988) Pulmonary alveolar proteinosis: CT findings. Radiol 169: 609-613.

Google Scholar Crossref Indexed at

 

flyer Image
Indexing and Archiving
A generic square placeholder image with rounded corners in a figure.
All published articles are assigned to Digital Object Identifier (DOI)- CrossRef.
A generic square placeholder image with rounded corners in a figure.
All published articles of this journal are included in the indexing and abstracting coverage of:
Google Scholar citation report
Citations : 226

International Journal of Clinical & Medical Images received 226 citations as per Google Scholar report

paper.io

agar io

wowcappadocia.com
cappadocia-hotels.com
balloon-rides.net

wormax io

rolex replica

Smok