Case Blog - International Journal of Clinical & Medical Images (2016) Volume 3, Issue 12
Author(s): Sharma R and Bhartiya V
Abstract Extrapulmonary tuberculosis can occur in conjunction with pulmonary focus or in isolation. Tuberculosis of vulva and vagina is rare and is seen in only 1% of genital TB that usually occurs in women of reproductive age. We report a case of postmenopausal woman with isolated vulval tuberculous lesion that clinically mimicked malignancy.
Keywords Vulval tuberculosis; Vulval malignancy; Cauliflower growth.
Case presentation A 72 years old postmenopausal woman was referred with the diagnosis of vulval malignancy, she presented with 4x3 cms irregular friable cauliflower growth that bleeds on touch, present on lower one third of labia majora and minora (Figure 1). Although clinically it mimicked vulval malignancy but punch biopsy histopathological examination showed granuloma consisting of clusters of epitheloid and langhans cells, suggestive of tuberculosis. She was started on antitubercular drugs and after 2 months the lesion regressed by 50% and after 4 months of completion of ATT normal anatomy of vulva was restored.
Discussion Tuberculosis of vulva and vagina is rare, seen in only 1% of genital TB and usually occurs in women of reproductive age . Vulval TB usually is the extrapulmonay manifestation of primary focus at lungs but venereal transmission also can occur from infected male partner, harbouring tuberculous epididymo-orchitis . It begins as a nodule which breaks down and forms irregular ragged ulcer. It may have varied presentation and mimics sexually transmitted diseases or malignancy . Antitubercular drugs causes full regression of ulcer and histopathological confirmation is a necessity before radical surgery