Clinical Image - International Journal of Clinical & Medical Images (2016) Volume 3, Issue 11
Author(s): Fazli Yanik
A 75 years-old male patient who have colon adenocarsinom stayed in intensive care unite after colon resection and liver metastasectomy. Postoperative fifth day left pleural effusion detected. A pleural catheter (Pleuracan®) performed 5th intercostal space midaxillary line for pleural effusion. It was 1500 cc hemorrhagic drainage. Posteroanterior chest radiography showed pleural catheter malposition through across the mediastinum to the contralateral hemithorax (Figure 1A). Contrast enhanced axial computed tomography scan showed pleural cathether malposition across the left ventricle, whole mediastinum to the contralateral hemithorax (Figure 1B). He was treated conservatively. So the catheter pull out. Hemoglobin-hematocrit levels and vital parameters were followed up. They were not fall. After it pull out posteroanterior chest radiography showed that the lung was bilateral-expansion, no hematoma and no hemothorax. The rate of chest tube malposition is less than 3% in cases hospitalized in the critical care unit or internal medicine service . But pleural catheter malposition is extremely rare in the literature. If thoracic drains had not been inserted carefully and correctly, such malpositioning would have had much more serious consequences. So the catheter can easily injure relatively vulnerable tissue such as lung parenchyma, heart and other mediatinal structures. This case shows the importance of awareness of possible, rare, life-threatening complications during pleural catheter implantation [2,3].