Clinical-Medical Image - International Journal of Clinical & Medical Images (2019) Volume 6, Issue 8
Author(s): Selma Benkirane*, Mounia Bennani, Sara Elloudi, Hanane BayBay, Fatima Zahra Mernissi
Patient aged 69, with antecedent of BCC of the nose, who has a palpebral tumor evolving for one year. Clinical examination reveals the presence of a pigmented nodule of about 1 cm at the level of the upper eyelid (Figure 1). Dermoscopy shows a white blue veil and asymmetric pigmented globules (Figure 2), these signs strongly indicate melanoma. The biopsy was in favor of a nodular pigmented BCC. The patient was referred to ophthalmology for complete excision.
The palpebral mucosa is an unusual site of BCC. This location is responsible for significant morbidity and may be life-threatening by invasion of the central nervous system. The lower eyelid location accounts for up to 2/3 of periocular basal cell carcinomas. We reported a case at the level of the upper eyelid and whose characteristics has been confused with melanoma showing a blue-white veil and asymmetric pigmented globules, whereas in pigmented BCC, we find the ovoid blue-gray nests, tree vessels, central ulceration, and whitish areas. In this case the histology made the diagnosis of BCC. Early diagnosis is important in order to improve the prognosis and avoid terebrant forms.